The second largest freshwater lake of this planet- the Lake Tanganyika is one amazing attraction of Africa that grabs the attention of plenty of people and amazes all those people who take flights to Bujumbura and come here for exploration and adventurous tour. It is African Great Lake that is known to be the 2ns deepest of the world (the 1st one is the Lake Baikal which is located in Siberia).
The lake is actually divided in four different countries- Zambia, Tanzania, Congo and Burundi so it is accessible through many routes. All these countries comprise some portion of this beautiful and large lake but ultimately fall down in the Atlantic Ocean. The lake lies within the boundaries of Albertine Rift and is encircled with large mountainous walls. The lake covers the area of more than 32,900 square kilometers and has the depth of almost 1,470 m. the average temperature of the lake is approximately 25 degree centigrade.
There are more than 250 species of cichlid fish that are found in water and apart from it, the lake also offers shelter to more than 150 non-cichlid species. Many of these species live deep down in the depth of almost 180 meters. Due to the bright colors of these fish, they are very famous and are highly appreciated by the aquarium owners. Many researchers and biologist come here frequently, as the lake acts as an important source of study and offers new ways to understand the characteristics of species-four species of predatory lates.
Two species of “Tanganyika sardine” are the main species and it also acts as the largest biomass of fish. Some of the fish is endemic while many others are introduced here by the outside aquarium. The lake also contains numerous invertebrates like the leeches, jellyfishes, copepods shrimps, crabs and the mollusks.
The million people that live around the lake consume 25–40% of the protein that comes from the lake fish. It has been recorded that more than 100,000 people are engaged in fishery here and there are almost 800 different sites from where they work. The fish is exported throughout East Africa and according to a survey that was carried out in 1995; the total catch of the fish was approximately 180,000 tones.
The passengers and cargo are carried to the eastern part of the lake with the help of 2 ferries. The lake was also featured in documentary series Pole to Pole that was made in 1992. Michael Palin (the BBC documentarian) was on board and carried out an adventurous excursion along the lake. The turbulently volcanic area, mountainous location, great depth, and high altitude, all contribute to the sudden climate change so be careful whenever you plan to visit this astonishing place.
Apart from it, the destination features many other hidden and surprising sites so this time in your holiday break, plan out for something new and different and get ready for a trip to the Lake Tanganyika.